Selected Publications By Hamburger
Listed in chronological order
- Die Entwicklung des Urmenschen im Lichte der neueren Forschung, von Viktor Hamburger. Landeshut, im August 1917. Druck von Armin Werner's Buchdruckerie, Landehut i. Schles.
Title translation: The development of early humans in light of new research. Published at age 17.
- "Versuche über Komplementär-Farben bei Ellritzen (Phoxinus laevis)," by Viktor Hamburger. Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie, v.4, pp. 286-304, 1926.
Title translation: Experiments on the complementary colours of the Ellritze (a type of fish that changes colors during mating season)
- "Die Entwicklung experimentell erzeugter nervenloser und schwach innervierter Extremitäten von Anuren," by V. Hamburger. Wilhelm Roux' Archiv für Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen, v.114, pp. 272-363, 1928.
Title translation: The development of experimentally produced nerveless and weakly innervated extremities of frogs. "It was at Dahlem [Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology in Berlin-Dahlem] where he laid the foundations for his subsequent work on the developmental and functional interactions between the central nervous system and the peripheral appendices. In a prophetic vein he wrote, in 1928, an essay that contains almost the whole range of problems, the solution to which was to become the work of his lifetime, a work which elevated him to the lordship of a new province -- neuroembryology." [Holtfreter, 1968]. Cowan, 1981, p. 4-5, also talks about this paper.
- Heimatbuch des Kreises Landeshut i. Schl.. 2 vols. 1929. edited by Ernst Kunick.Book of local history and geography of the region in Silesia (now Poland) where Viktor Hamburger grew up. Viktor Hamburger was on the planning committee for this book. He and his friend, Walther Arndt, are profusely thanked for their hard work instigating this project and finding the right people to write the chapters. Viktor wrote the Einleitung (Introduction) and the chapter on geology, v.1, pp.1-44, Erdgeschichte des Kreises Landeshut. There are sections on people, music, folk arts, natural history, etc. See photo above.
- "Experimentelle Beiträge zur Entwicklungsphysiologie der Nervenbahnen in der Froschenextremität," by Viktor Hamburger. Wilhelm Roux' Archiv für Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen, v.119, pp.47-99, 1929.
Title translation: Experimental contributions to the developmental physiology of the nerves in frog extremities.
- Der Farbensinn der Fische, von V. Hamburger, Freiburg i. B. Two articles published in Der Naturforscher (Berlin : Hugo Vermühler Verlag), Jahrgang 7 (Nummer 4, Juli 1930), pages 128-133 AND Jahrgang 7 (Nummer 5, August 1930), pages 172-180.
Title translation: The color vision of fishes. Reports of Viktor Hamburger's postdoctoral research.
- "The effects of wing bud extirpation on the development of the central nervous system in chick embryos," by Viktor Hamburger. Journal of Experimental Zoology v.68, pp. 449-494, 1934.
"In 1934, Viktor Hamburger (a student of Hans Spemann, the 1935 Nobel Laureate who discovered the "organizer-induction" phenomenon) explored the effect of limb bud extirpation, in 3-day-old chick embryos, on spinal cord motor neurons in charge of the innervation of the limb. Deprived of their fields of innervation, motor nerve cells in the segment of the spinal cord innervating the limb failed to undergo growth and differentiation. ... The 1934 article, by Hamburger on this phenomenon came to my attention many years later, in 1940....My background...suggested other possible explanations for this effect, which I was eager to put to the test." [Levi-Montalcini, 1997, pp. 1-2.]
- A Manual of experimental embryology, by Viktor Hamburger. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1941.
- "Proliferation, differentiation and degeneration in the spinal ganglia of the chick embryo under normal and experimental conditions," by Viktor Hamburger and Rita Levi-Montalcini. Journal of Experimental Zoology v.111, pp. 457-502, 1949.
Viktor was interested in a group of papers by Rita Levi-Montalcini and her mentor Guiseppe Levi on the effects of limb ablation on the developing spinal ganglia. This work was stimulated by Hamburger's 1934 paper (above). Viktor persuaded Rita to visit Washington University. She stayed for 30 years. "Their first collaborative study on the effects of limb-bud extirpation and supernumary limb transplantations on the sensory ganglia resulted in a paper that is now widely recognized as one of the classics in the field of neuroembryology." [Cowan, 1981, p.8-9]
- "A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo," by Viktor Hamburger and Howard L. Hamilton. Journal of Morphology v.88, pp. 49-92, 1951. Reprinted in Developmental Dynamics, v.195, pp. 231-272, 1992. Some illustrations.
"It would be fair to say that, with the possible exception of Frank Lillie, Viktor more than any other person, put chick embryology on the map, and it is only appropriate that in 1977 his staged series of chick embryos (prepared with the help of H.L. Hamilton, 1951) was recognized by the Institute for Scientific Information as a "citation classic," being one of the 500 most-cited scientific papers in the 15-year period from 1961 through 1975." [Cowan, 1981, p. 6] "The quotation record proves that our stage series has been adopted universally by developmental biologists and by others who use chick embryos. It has stood the test of time for 4 decades. For me, the most gratifying reward of our efforts is the fact that in all these years not a single letter was written that complained of a difficulty or pointed out an inaccuracy. This means that our standards of perfection have met the challenge, and that we do not need to worry about a second, improved edition." [Hamburger, V, p. 275, "Afterword; the stage series of the chick embryo" Developmental Dynamics, v.195, pp.273-275, 1992]
- Reprinted in The Saga of the Nerve Growth Factor:
- "Selective growth-stimulating effects of mouse sarcoma on the sensory and sympathetic nervous system of the chick embryo," by R. Levi-Montalcini and V. Hamburger. Journal of Experimental Zoology v.116, pp.. 321-361, 1951.
- "In vitro experiments on the effects of mouse sarcomas 180 and 37 on the spinal and sympathetic ganglia of the chick embryo," by R. Levi-Montalcini, H. Meyer, and V. Hamburger. Cancer Research v.14, pp.49-57, 1953.
- "A nerve growth-stimulating factor isolated from sarcomas 37 and 180," by S. Cohen, R. Levi-Montalcini and V. Hamburger.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.40, pp.1014-1018, 1954.
- "Trends in experimental neuroembryology," by Viktor Hamburger, pp. 52-73 IN: Biochemistry of the Developing Nervous System, Proceedings of the First International Neurochemistry Symposium, edited by H. Waelsch. Academic Press, 1955.
- Analysis of development, edited by Benjamin H. Willier, Paul A. Weiss, and Viktor Hamburger. Philadelphia : Saunders, 1955.
- "Localization of motor neuron pools supplying identifed muscles in normal and supernumary legs of chick embryo," by Margaret Hollyday, Viktor Hamburger, and Juanita M. G. Farris. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 74, pp. 3582-3586, 1977.
- Introduction to Goethe's zur Farbenlehre: an excerpt and plate reproduced from the first edition. Friends of the Libraries of Washington University, 1981.
- The Heritage of experimental embryology: Hans Spemann and the organizer, by Viktor Hamburger. Oxford Univ. Press, 1988. Reviewed by Jane Oppenheimer in Quarterly Review of Biology v.63(3), pp. 316-317, 1988, and by J.B.Gurdon in Trends in Neurosciences v.12(2), p. 80, 1989, and others.
- Neuroembryology : the selected papers, by Viktor Hamburger ; introduction by Ronald W. Oppenheim. Birkhäuser, 1990. Includes reprints of many of Hamburger's English language publications, lectures, essays.
- "Embryology and the modern synthesis in evolutionary theory," pp. 97-112, and "Evolutionary theory in Germany: a comment," by Viktor Hamburger, pp.303-308, IN The Evolutionary synthesis : perspectives in the unification of biology, edited by Ernst Mayr and William B. Provine. Harvard Univ. Press, 1998.
- "Hans Spemann on vitalism in biology: translation of a portion of Spemann's Autobiography," by V. Hamburger, with "Editor's introduction", by Garland E. Allen and Jane Maienschein. Journal of the History of Biology, v.32, pp. 231-243, 1999.
Many other publications by Viktor Hamburger are available in the collections of the Washington University libraries and/or the Becker Medical Library. Please ask library staff for help locating any other publications you would like to review.
Books and book chapters in the Washington University Danforth Campus libraries