Created in 1945 by John H. Johnson and still published monthly, Ebony is a popular pictorial lifestyle magazine modeled on Life and Look but marketed towards African Americans. By its fortieth anniversary in 1985, its circulation had grown to 2,300,000 readers. While typically focusing on black elected officials and celebrities from the worlds of sports and entertainment, Ebony ran a regular column by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the late 1950s and occasionally featured contributions by black literary intellectuals such as Langston Hughes. The FBI opened a file on the magazine in 1947 and periodically used its pages as an outlet for promotional articles starring black FBI agents.
FBI documents studying Ebony Magazine.
Material is in the public domain.
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